Tierra del Fuego Province, Argentina

Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica
and the South Atlantic Islands

Tierra del Fuego, Antártida
e Islas del Atlántico Sur
Flag of Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica and the South Atlantic Islands
Flag
Coat of arms of Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica and the South Atlantic Islands
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Fin del Mundo (End of the World)
Location of Tierra del Fuego Province within Argentina
Location of Tierra del Fuego Province within Argentina
Country Argentina
CapitalUshuaia
Departments4
Local Governments5
Government
 • GovernorRosana Bertone (PJ/FpV)
 • Deputies5
 • Senators3
Area
 • Total21,263 km2 (8,210 sq mi)
Population
(2010[1])
 • Total127,205
 • Rank24th
 • Density6.0/km2 (15/sq mi)
Demonym(s)fueguino
Time zoneUTC−3 (ART)
ISO 3166 codeAR-V
HDI (2016)0.887 Very High (1st)[2]
Websitewww.tierradelfuego.gov.ar

Tierra del Fuego (Spanish for "Land of Fire"; Spanish pronunciation: [ˈtjera ðel ˈfweɣo]; officially Provincia de Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur, Spanish for "Land of Fire, Antarctica and South Atlantic Islands") is an Argentine province.

The province had been inhabited by indigenous people for more than 12,000 years, since they migrated south of the mainland. It was first encountered by a European in 1520 when spotted by Ferdinand Magellan. Even after Argentina achieved independence, this territory remained under indigenous control until the nation's campaign known as the Conquest of the Desert in the 1870s. After destroying most of the native population in the desert part of Patagonia, Argentina organized this section in 1885 as a territory. European immigration followed due to a gold rush and rapid expansion of sheep farming on large ranches in the area. Tierra del Fuego is the most recent Argentine territory to gain provincial status, which occurred in 1990.

Extent

The Province of Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur including all its external territorial claims

The effective extent of the province is the eastern part of the island of Tierra del Fuego, Isla de los Estados and adjacent islands.

However, Argentina has made a territorial claim over the two British Overseas Territories of the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands and over a segment of Antarctica, which overlaps with the British and Chilean claims on that continent. Despite international recognition of the British territories and Argentina exercising no authority in said territories – other than in Argentine Antarctic bases – nevertheless those territories (known in Argentine Spanish as las Islas del Atlántico Sur and Antártida Argentina respectively) have been nominally included in the province since 1990.

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Tierra del Fuego Séng
Piemontèis: Tèra dël Feu
Runa Simi: Ninasuyu wamani
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Ognjena Zemlja (argentinska provincija)