Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable Homesite

Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable Homesite
Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable Homesite.JPG
Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable Homesite is located in Chicago metropolitan area
Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable Homesite
Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable Homesite is located in Illinois
Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable Homesite
Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable Homesite is located in the US
Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable Homesite
LocationPioneer Court, Chicago, IL
Coordinates41°53′22.78″N 87°37′24.28″W / 41°53′22.78″N 87°37′24.28″W / 76000690 [1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPMay 11, 1976
Designated NHLMay 11, 1976[2]

The Jean Baptiste Point Du Sable Homesite is the location where, around the 1780s, Jean Baptiste Point du Sable located his home and trading post.[2] This home is generally considered to be the first permanent, non-native, residence in Chicago, Illinois.[3] The site of Point du Sable's home is now partially occupied by and commemorated in Pioneer Court at 401 N. Michigan Avenue in the Near North Side community area of Chicago, Illinois.[4]

History

Point du Sable likely settled near the mouth of the Chicago River sometime around the 1780s and sold the property in 1800. He lived here with his wife, Kitihawa, and children. The 1800 bill of sale was rediscovered in 1913 in an archive in Detroit, Michigan.[5] The property included a house, two barns, a horse drawn mill, a bakehouse, a poultry house, a dairy, and a smokehouse. Their house was a 22-by-40-foot (6.7 m × 12.2 m) log cabin filled with fine furniture and paintings.[5]

Following Point du Sable's departure from Chicago, the home became the property of John Kinzie. In 1834 the land owned by Kinzie was platted and sold.[6] The "Kinzie addition" to Chicago, which is assumed to be coterminous with Point du Sable's estate extended from the banks of the Chicago River north to Chicago Avenue, and from State Street east to Lake Michigan.[4]

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