Location of β Cam (circled)
Epoch J2000 Equinox J2000
|Right ascension||05h 03m 25.08963s|
|Declination||+60° 26′ 32.0895″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||4.02|
|U−B color index||+0.62|
|B−V color index||+0.93|
|R−I color index||+0.49|
|Radial velocity (Rv)||−190 km/s|
|Proper motion (μ)|| RA: −6.50 mas/yr |
Dec.: −14.15 mas/yr
|Parallax (π)||3.74 ± 0.21 mas|
|Distance||870 ± 50 ly |
(270 ± 20 pc)
|Absolute magnitude (MV)||−3.1|
|Surface gravity (log g)||1.79 cgs|
|Metallicity [Fe/H]||−0.06 dex|
|Rotational velocity (v sin i)||11.7 km/s|
Bright Star Catalogue (5th rev. ed.)
Beta Camelopardalis, Latinized from β Camelopardalis, is the brightest star in the northern constellation of Camelopardalis. It is bright enough to be faintly visible to the naked eye, having an apparent visual magnitude of 4.02. Based upon an annual parallax shift of 3.74 mas as seen from Earth, it is located roughly 870 light years from the Sun. It is moving closer with a radial velocity of −190 km/s and is most likely a single star.
This is a yellow-hued G-type supergiant/bright giant with a stellar classification of G1 Ib–IIa. It is an estimated 60 million years old and is spinning with a projected rotational velocity of 11.7 km/s. This is an unusually high rate of rotation for an evolved star of this type. One possible explanation is that it may have engulfed a nearby giant planet, such as a hot Jupiter.
Beta Camelopardalis has 6.5 times the mass of the Sun and has expanded to around 58 the Sun's radius. The star is radiating 1,592 times the Sun's luminosity from its enlarged photosphere at an effective temperature of 5,300 K. It is a source of X-ray emission.
β Cam has two visual companions: a 7th magnitude A5-class star at an angular separation of 84 arc seconds; and a 12th magnitude star at 15 arc seconds.